Varicose veins can have different localizations. The veins suffer not only in the lower part of the leg, but also in the pelvic area. Labial varicose veins are formed on the background of failure in venous circulation, which often occurs during pregnancy. However, any woman is at risk of getting pathology in the presence of adverse factors. To eliminate the disease, doctors use drug therapy and surgical intervention.
Female genital veins are deformed due to weakness of the duct wall and lack of venous valves. Vaginal or labial varicose veins are often hereditary.
Pregnancy is a major trigger. Childbirth is accompanied by hormonal imbalances, weight gain, decreased motor activity and other phenomena that cause problems with blood outflow. The perineum begins to swell and a knot forms.
In other women, vaginal varicose veins are caused by:
- long -term use of hormone medications;
- heavy physical exertion;
- inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs;
- heart disease;
- standing in a standing position on weekdays;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- common constipation;
- dangerous addictions (smoking, drinking alcohol).
The presence of a large number of reasons that cause varicose veins of the female genital organs can form should be a reason for a more concerned attitude towards one's own health.
If clinical signs of the disease appear, you should immediately see a doctor for additional studies and appointment of appropriate treatment.
Varicose veins in the labia area externally look very similar to the defeat of the lower vessels. On examination, it is easy to diagnose problems with the veins.
They change in size, become wrinkled, acquire a bluish color. You can also see spider veins and nodules protruding under the skin.
In addition to visual changes, genital varicose veins in women are accompanied by:
- pain at pathological sites;
- itching, burning;
- feeling tense.
The discomfort becomes worse when a woman deals with physical exertion, enters sexual intimacy or visits the toilet. Such sensations affect the mood negatively, causing severe irritation.
Varicose veins begin with the formation of small nodules in the genital area.
Over time, the nodules appear more, their size changes, while the patient cannot sit, walk or have sex normally. The skin of the perineum becomes dry and pigmented. If a woman is pregnant, the pain will increase as much as possible before giving birth.
Varicose veins, regardless of location, can lead to dangerous consequences.
Varicose veins that form on the labia can turn into:
- increased blood viscosity;
- vein thrombosis;
- loss of vascular integrity, if childbirth occurs with labial varicose veins, which can trigger significant blood loss and even death of the woman giving birth.
If the genital area involved during childbirth is not affected primarily by venous disease, it is very likely that the baby was born naturally. With a significant lesion on the vagina, the patient prepares for caesarean section.
Signs of varicose veins are detected quite easily. When researching, a woman herself can determine the presence of pathology. But to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo an examination.
To receive qualified help, patients should consult a gynecologist and phlebologist, if necessary, you should make an appointment with an angio surgeon.
Initially, the specialist performs an external examination of the external genitalia, asks about symptoms and collects anamnesis.
Diagnostics also include:
- general blood tests;
- Vascular ultrasound.
The treatment plan is prepared taking into account the survey data.
Treatment of labial varicose veins
To overcome the pathology, patients are given drugs for internal and external use. If pregnancy is the cause of varicose veins, the disease usually disappears after childbirth. When a woman is carrying a baby, it is rarely possible to get rid of the disease.
Therapy for varicose veins involves, first of all, the use of venotonics, while it is important that the treatment is prescribed by a phlebologist.
Also a list of drugs is presented:
- antiplatelet agents;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- drugs with analgesic effect.
Taking ascorbic acid and tocopherols will normalize blood flow, reduce blood viscosity and increase the elasticity of venous walls.
One of the effective methods of treating this disease is the introduction of sclerosant into the venous lumen, which helps to push blood and narrow the ducts. After sclerotherapy, the diseased vein loses its function, and blood circulation is carried out through healthy ducts.
Effective and correct therapy will help reduce the severity of clinical symptoms of the disease and stop the further development of pathological processes.
With the ineffectiveness of conservative methods, there is a need for surgical intervention. Vaginal varicose veins are removed with the help of phlebectomy, radiofrequency or laser coagulation. Surgical treatment is not excluded if the symptoms of varicose veins do not disappear after delivery.
Patients with varicose veins are advised to wear compression stockings - panties or tights that support the pelvis. Underwear is worn over underwear, which must be made of natural fabrics.
Pantyhose is used for prophylaxis, as damage to the lower leg ducts often causes labial or vaginal varicose veins. The attending physician will help determine options for medical knitwear.
To achieve good results in the treatment of pathology, in addition to taking medication, one cannot do without changing the usual lifestyle. It is worthwhile to abandon harmful addictions that destroy health, include plant foods in the diet, walk more often in the fresh air and get enough rest.
Damage to the venous ducts of the pelvic organs can be avoided if attention is given to prevention. Knowing about the factors that can trigger the disease, care must be taken to ensure that its influence is minimal or not at all.
Pathological processes can be prevented by:
- preventive examination at the gynecologist;
- wear comfortable shoes and underwear made of natural materials;
- regular walking;
- exclusion from the diet of foods that cause problems with bowel movements;
- bath with the addition of sea salt;
- do physical exercise.
Doctors also advise donating blood for a coagulogram at least once a year.
A timely appeal to a doctor if you suspect genital varicose veins is the key to a successful cure for a dangerous disease. It is important to remember that the maximum therapeutic effect can only be achieved when the use of drugs is complemented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.